Wednesday, August 6, 2014

Most People with Prediabetes Don't Even Know It

We all know that eating more fruits and vegetables is good for us -- yet, why don't we do it?
We all know that certain foods -- sodas, sugar-sweetened drinks, too many carbs and too much red meat -- aren't good for us -- yet, why don't we avoid these foods more often?

In the cover story, "Tip of the Iceberg: Most People with Prediabetes Don't Know It", it is made abundantly clear that more diabetes is expected in the years to come, unless more serious considerations to change our lifestyles to healthier ones doesn't happen soon. Experts calculate that one in three adults and nearly one in two men already have prediabetes. Why? Take a look at our society now, two-thirds of adults (and one-third of children) are currently overweight or obese and to top it off, we have become a society of conveniences like too much TV, too much computer time, too much phone time and not enough exercise.

There is a large part of the population -- 28% -- that doesn't even know they have diabetes yet and another large part of the population that is a high risk candidate for this disease. Another interesting point made by Edward Gregg, the chief of the Epidemiology and Statistics Branch of the Division of Diabetes Translation at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is that ironically and "in many ways the population is getting healthier over time, but Diabetes is the exception".

In short, this article has pointed out some "bottom-line" facts that will help in the prevention of this disease that has so many complications to it such as diabetic eye disease, kidney disease, nerve disease to stroke and even heart attack.

The following are some good, smart health tactics to follow:
  • The best way to dodge diabetes is to lose (or not gain) extra weight.
  • Do at least 30 minutes of exercise a day  like brisk walking/other aerobic exercise with 
  • strength training two to three times a week.
  • Limit sweets, emphasizing sugar-sweetened drinks and 100% fruit juices.
  • Upon filling your plate, half should be vegetables and a quarter should be whole grains.
  • Eat plenty of leafy greens, whole grains, beans, nuts.
  • Get rid of the saturated and trans fats and substitute them with unsaturated fats in order to lower heart disease.
  • Get your RDA (recommended dietary allowance) of vitamin D.
To learn more about diabetes, insulin resistance, and things you can do to prevent this disease, go to the following links:

Nutrition Action Health Letter   (This link contains the cover story)
Prediabetes definition
Socioecological Determinants of Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes


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